Bollywood is the name given to Mumbai-based Hindi language film industry. The name is a fusion of two words - Bombay and Hollywood. Bollywood is known across the world for the sheer volume of films it churns out each year. Virtually ruling the entertainment sector of India and great many parts of South Asia, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and parts of Africa, Bollywood also commands a sizeable chunk of Indian diaspora in the UK, Canada, Australia and the US.
The journey of Bollywood dates back to 1913 when Raja Harishchandra
appeared on silver screen as the first silent movie in India. Ardeshir
Irani's Alam Ara was the first Indian film with sound came up for show
in 1931. Since then the Bollywood has consistently came up with movies
catering India's mass entertainment demands.
As is the case with any art or creative form, Bollywood too is
reflective of the essence of the contemporary society. The thirties is
supposed to the reactionary phase in the nascent Bollywood, with three
big banners Prabhat, Bombay Talkies and New Theater coming out social
movies registering strong plea against social injustice.
The first international film festival was held in Bombay in 1952 that
had a great impact on Indian cinema. 1955 was a big turning point in the
Indian cinema with the arrival of Satyajit Ray, whose classic movie
Pather Panchali that put India on world cinema platform. The movie won
Cannes award for best human document. With this came a flurry of
distinguished and thought provoking movies like Bimal Roy's Do Bigha
Jamin, Devdas, Raj Kapoor's Sri-420, Guru Dutt's Pyaasa. The sixties saw
K. Asif's Mughal-E-Azam that rocked the box office.
Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen came to the forefront of
Indian cinema steering new cinema before the audience. The seventies led
to an era of action packed movies with the incarnation of a mega star
that was to rule the Bollywood - we are talking about Amitabh Bachhan.
At the end of seventies began a period of avante garde movies with
Govind Nihlani's Aakrosh, Muzafar Ali's Gaman. This new movies continued
in the eighties too, with Shyam Benegal's Manthan, Bhumika; Aparna Sen's
36 Chowrangi Lane.
In the early nineties family centric melodramas became the order of the
day with the whopping success of Hum Aapke Hain Kaun (1994) and Diwale
Dulhaniya Le jayenge (1995).
Bollywood produces movies with an eye to gain maximum viewership and
hence trusts on masala concept that is recipe based flicks. There is
less experimentation in the industry. However with advent of multiplxes,
guaranteeing niche audience, directors and producers are daring to come
up with innovations and new concepts.
But a typical Bollywood flick remains the emotional dramas with mushy
songs, dance, violence and melodrama. Indians love their Bollywood
movies and don't bother to shell out their precious bucks to gain a
quick ticket in black. And that makes Bollywood one vibrant hot seat of